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Monday 28th of September 2020

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IJJO Glossary

The GLOSSARY of the International Juvenile Justice Observatory (IJJO) comes into being for the purpose of collecting together the terms that form part of the jargon most commonly used by professionals and employees involved in juvenile justice around the world.

Being conscious of the concurrent diversity between the different models and systems of juvenile justice, this Glossary wishes to highlight the meeting points and the differences between the various terms collected and their translations in English, French and Spanish.

Without doubt this represents the result of a comprehensive research effort, with the team of the International Juvenile Justice Observatory taking part in the preparatory process, along with the support and collaboration of other professionals and organizations.

The Glossary is a useful and practical tool which, through the terms included, aims to facilitate a greater comprehension and understanding of the different concepts that define juvenile justice systems on an international level.

The drafting process was carried out using national and international sources, which assisted us in delimiting the list of terms to be included, and the content of the definitions given.

In any case, the designations and terms included in the Glossary, as well as the content of each definition, in no way represent any stance or assessment on the part of the IJJO with respect to any particular juvenile justice system or model.

All of the sources used in the process of preparing the Glossary


Indicator (on juvenile justice)
Indicador (de la justicia de menores) / Indicateur (de la justice pour mineurs)
An indicator provides a common way of measuring and presenting information that reveals whether standards are being met. The juvenile justice indicators provide a framework for measuring and presenting specific information about the situation of children in conflict with the law. This information concerns both quantitative values - such as the number of children in detention on a particular census date - and the existence of relevant policy. The indicators are not designed to provide complete information on all possible aspects of children in conflict with the law in a particular country. Rather, they represent a basic dataset and comparative tool that offers a starting point for the assessment, evaluation and service and policy development.
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. "Manual for the Measurement of Juvenile Justice Indicators" (United Nations, New York, 2008).

Individual Rehabilitation Programmes
Programas individuales de rehabilitación / Programme de réhabilitation individuelle
The restoration of an optimum state of health by medical, psychological, social, and peer group support for a chemically dependent person, a person disabled by an accident or illness. Can also refer to the psychosocial rehabilitation process as applied to delinquents during or after emprisonment.
United Nations. UNTERM

Informed consent
Consentimiento informado / Consentement informé préalable
The child must freely and voluntarily give consent in writing to the diversion, a consent that should be based on adequate and specific information on the nature, content and duration of the measure, and on the consequences of a failure to cooperate, carry out and complete the measure. With a view to strengthening parental involvement, States parties may also consider requiring the consent of parents, in particular when the child is below the age of 16 years.
General Comment No. 10 of the Committee on the Rights of the Child CRC/C/GC/10 – Children’s Rights in Juvenile Justice. (2007).

Intentional Homicide
Homicidio doloso / Homicide volontaire
'Intentional homicide' may be understood to mean death deliberately inflicted on a person by another person, including infanticide.
United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Statistics Division. "Manual for the Development of a System of Criminal Justice Statistics" (United Nations, New York, 2004)

Irregular situation (Risk Factors)
Situación Irregular (factores de riesgo) / Situation irrégulière
Although it may not be an offence under the law in question, children may come into contact with the juvenile justice or adult criminal justice system as a result of being considered to be in danger from the environment in which they live.
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. "Manual for the Measurement of Juvenile Justice Indicators" (United Nations, New York, 2008).


  • International Juvenile Justice Observatory (IJJO). Belgian Public Utility Foundation

    All rights reserved

  • Head Office: Rue Armand Campenhout, nº 72 bte 10. 1050. Brussels. Belgium

    Phone: 00 32 262 988 90. Fax: 00 32 262 988 99. oijj@oijj.org

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