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Saturday 16th of November 2019

IJJO Conference

IV Conferencia Internacional OIJJ - Desarrollo de sistemas de justicia juvenil integradores: Enfoques y metodologías en trastornos mentales y abuso de drogas

Topics

Book of the Fourth IJJO International Conference

The Fourth International Conference of the International Juvenile Justice Observatory will take place with a focus on two main central themes:

  1. I. Mental disorders and drugs misuse: Analysis of the situation of minors in conflict with the law.
  2. II. Juvenile justice and health systems: A necessary multidisciplinary and integrative collaboration.

The conference will investigate how the needs of young people with mental-health problems can be managed in the juvenile-justice system through a coordinated, integrated multi-agency response, identifying the support required for such an approach and for achieving successful cooperation.

I. Mental disorders and drugs misuse: Analysis of the situation of minors in conflict with the law.

  • Study of the situation of young offenders with mental disorders or disorders related to drugs misuse: the basics for intervention.

    Objective: Analysis of the young offender’s profile and psychosocial context.

    A wide range of international reports and research studies are in agreement in underlining the high percentage of minors and young offenders who suffer from some kind of mental disorder or addiction to toxic substances.

    Through this workshop, we aim to achieve a better understanding of this reality in the context of a comparative analysis from a global perspective. It will therefore become possible to determine the social, family and personal circumstances of these minors, which must guide prevention and intervention policies on their behalf, with the principle of the minors’ best interest taking precedence at all times.

    Gaining a deeper knowledge of the psychosocial circumstances of these minors and young people will also lead to knowing the current responses to which the latter are subjected, both by the juvenile justice and healthcare systems.

  • The response of juvenile justice systems to offences committed by minors and young people suffering from mental disorders.

    Objective: Definition of integrative interventions for young offenders with mental disorders.

    The special situation of minors and young people in conflict with the law who are suffering from some kind of mental disorder makes it necessary to understand which responses are given by juvenile-justice systems in an international context.

    The analysis of policies adopted in this field and their relationship with the health services will necessarily lead us to knowing which are the integrative responses chiefly established by countries and whether they are adapted appropriately to the reality of these minors.

    In this sense, the following questions may be posed: What are the measures adopted in partnership between the health and justice services? Which specialized resources take the minor’s context into account?

  • Juvenile delinquency connected to the misuse of drugs: profile of young offenders and analysis of resources employed towards their social reintegration.

    Objective: Definition of integrative interventions for young offenders with addictive behaviour.

    Study of the existing relationship between juvenile delinquency and drugs misuse makes it necessary to take into account the profile of these minors and the family and social circumstances in which they find themselves.

    Reference will be made to the crimes most commonly committed by these minors, and to the specific responses given in dealing with this phenomenon from the level of an international perspective on juvenile justice.

    This raises questions such as: What kind of punitive and/or therapeutic measures do juvenile justice systems apply to young offenders who use or abuse addictive substances? Are juvenile justice systems equipped with specific resources for managing and reintegrating these minors? What kind of resources, tools and techniques are used?

 

II. Juvenile justice and health systems: A necessary multidisciplinary and integrative collaboration.

  • Mental disorders, drugs misuse and juvenile justice: ethical aspects and good practices.

    Objective: To encourage and coordinate communication between sectors.

    A paradoxical situation can arise for young offenders who suffer from a mental disorder or some kind of addiction to toxic substances: the juvenile justice system considers them responsible, and the health system recognizes them as the victims of their own mental disorder.

    This dual circumstance can create certain ethical questions, such as: What might be the impact of the duty of professional secrecy in the relationship between the two systems? How can coordination be encouraged so as to ensure that the minor’s best interests are protected? How can restorative mediation measures, between the young offender and the victim, be set in motion?

  • The relationship between juvenile justice systems and health services: the need to encourage specialized resources.

    Objective: Development of common intervention tools.

    An individualized response to minors and young offenders suffering from some kind of mental disorder or addiction to toxic substances requires necessary coordination between all the agents and organizations involved, mainly those connected to the public-health or therapeutic services, and those belonging to the juvenile justice system.

    In this sense, it is worth asking: What level of cooperation exists between juvenile-justice and healthcare professionals in the treatment of these minors? In what way are specific and adapted resources promoted for this purpose? How should an appropriate partnership between the services be considered? How can specialized intervention and the professionalization of these resources be guaranteed?

  • Encouraging policies and regulation: interface between systems.

    Objective: To promote and establish common links between the systems.

    Heeding the international rules and guidelines on the subject of juvenile justice, it is essential to promote and develop policies and programmes designed to strengthen the specialized coordination of all the professionals who work with minors and young offenders on a daily basis.

    Due to its special characteristics and circumstances, this coordination has to be specially reinforced in cases of intervention with young offenders who have mental-health or drug-addiction problems. It is necessary to provide a common structure to health and juvenile-justice professionals, which allows them to get to know and understand the particular problems (health, psychological, personality, social, cultural, socio-economic, etc.) of these young people, and the most efficient way of dealing with their situation and contributing towards their social reintegration.

Logo DaphneWith financial support from the EU's DAPHNE III Programme

The European Comparative Analysis and Transfer of Knowledge on Mental Health Resources for Young Offenders (MHYO)

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  • International Juvenile Justice Observatory (IJJO). Belgian Public Utility Foundation

    All rights reserved

  • Head Office: Rue Mercelis, nº 50. 1050. Brussels. Belgium

    Phone: 00 32 262 988 90. Fax: 00 32 262 988 99. oijj@oijj.org

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