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Police Review Boards, Not Just Cops, Need Training in Youth Trauma

Wednesday 8th of July 2020 | North America, United States
The Crime Report
News

The exact number of youths who are simultaneously or consecutively involved in both the child welfare and juvenile justice systems is unknown. The presumed prevalence ranges between 10 percent and 29 percent.

In some jurisdictions the percentage is disturbingly higher. Researchers in Washington State for example, found that “[A] staggering 67 percent of youth referred to the juvenile justice system in King County, Washington, in 2006 had at least some history of contact or involvement with the county’s child welfare agency.”

They continued: “Dual status youth, particularly those with a history of legal activity/placement in child welfare, were shown to have started their delinquent careers a year or more earlier than youth without child welfare involvement.”

Distinct categories of these youth have specific definitions. The three categories are “cross-over youth,” “dually involved youth” and “dually adjudicated youth.”

“Cross-over youth” refers to youth involved in both the child welfare and juvenile justice systems. Similarly, “dually involved youth” refers to young people who have experienced both dependency hearings and criminal proceedings. “Dually adjudicated youth” refers to youth who have actually been adjudicated in both the child welfare and juvenile justice systems.

A number of young people who become involved with the police and juvenile justice system will eventually have their cases reviewed by a civilian police review board, also known as a police oversight agency or police ombudsperson. By providing an objective, third-party complaint review process that is free from bias, the hope is that the board will help to foster communication, accountability and credibility with the public.

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  • International Juvenile Justice Observatory (IJJO). Belgian Public Utility Foundation

    All rights reserved

  • Head Office: Rue Armand Campenhout, nº 72 bte 10. 1050. Brussels. Belgium

    Phone: 00 32 262 988 90. Fax: 00 32 262 988 99. oijj@oijj.org

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