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Wednesday 22nd of May 2019

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IJJO Glossary

The GLOSSARY of the International Juvenile Justice Observatory (IJJO) comes into being for the purpose of collecting together the terms that form part of the jargon most commonly used by professionals and employees involved in juvenile justice around the world.

Being conscious of the concurrent diversity between the different models and systems of juvenile justice, this Glossary wishes to highlight the meeting points and the differences between the various terms collected and their translations in English, French and Spanish.

Without doubt this represents the result of a comprehensive research effort, with the team of the International Juvenile Justice Observatory taking part in the preparatory process, along with the support and collaboration of other professionals and organizations.

The Glossary is a useful and practical tool which, through the terms included, aims to facilitate a greater comprehension and understanding of the different concepts that define juvenile justice systems on an international level.

The drafting process was carried out using national and international sources, which assisted us in delimiting the list of terms to be included, and the content of the definitions given.

In any case, the designations and terms included in the Glossary, as well as the content of each definition, in no way represent any stance or assessment on the part of the IJJO with respect to any particular juvenile justice system or model.

All of the sources used in the process of preparing the Glossary

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z ALL TERMS

Secondary prevention
Prevención secundaria / Prévention secondaire
Measures to assist children who are identified as being more particularly at risk, such as those whose parents are themselves in special difficulty or are not caring appropriately for them.
UNICEF,Juvenile Justice, Innocenti Digest.

Approaches that focus on the more immediate responses to violence, such as pre-hospital care, emergency services or treatment for sexually transmitted diseases following a rape.
World Health Organisation. World Report on Violence and Health - Summary, (Geneva 2002)

Sentence
Sentencia / Condamnation
A competent authority passes a sentence when - notwithstanding any right of appeal - it makes a final decision about a child's case and rules that the child shall be subject to certain measures.
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. "Manual for the Measurement of Juvenile Justice Indicators" (United Nations, New York, 2008).

Serious offence against a person
Delitos grave contra una persona / Infraction grave contre la personne
A serious person offence is homicide, non-intentional homicide, kidnapping, rape, sexual assault or abuse, assault or an attempt to carry out any of these acts.
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. "Manual for the Measurement of Juvenile Justice Indicators" (United Nations, New York, 2008).

Serious property offence
Delito contra la propiedad / Infraction grave contre les biens
A serious property offence is burglary, robbery or arson, or an attempt to carry out any of these acts. Burglary is the unlawful entry into someone else.s premises with the intention to commit a crime. Robbery is the theft of property from a person, overcoming resistance by force or the threat of force.
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. "Manual for the Measurement of Juvenile Justice Indicators" (United Nations, New York, 2008).

Social Integration
Integración Social / Intégration Sociale
The aim of social integration is to create "a society for all", in which every individual, each with rights and responsibilities, has an active role to play. Such an inclusive society must be based on respect for all human rights and fundamental freedoms, cultural and religious diversity, social justice and the special needs of vulnerable and disadvantaged groups, democratic participation and the rule of law.
United Nations

Status offences
Delito [o falta] en razón de la condición personal / Délit d’état (lié au statut de mineur)
The so-called "status offences" prescribed in various national legal systems where the range of behaviour considered to be an offence is wider for juveniles than it is for adults (for example, truancy, school and family disobedience, public drunkenness, etc.).
Resolution 40/33 - United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice - "The Beijing Rules" (1985)

"A status offence is an act or behaviour that is only punishable if the person committing it is aged under eighteen, or is believed to be aged under eighteen."
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. "Manual for the Measurement of Juvenile Justice Indicators" (United Nations, New York, 2008).

Suspended sentence
Sentencia condicional / Condamnation avec sursis
Sentence imposed by a court with the clause that its execution is not implemented unless the convicted offender commits another crime within a certain period of time.
United Nations. UNICRI

OPTIONS

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  • International Juvenile Justice Observatory (IJJO). Belgian Public Utility Foundation

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  • Head Office: Rue Mercelis, nº 50. 1050. Brussels. Belgium

    Phone: 00 32 262 988 90. Fax: 00 32 262 988 99. oijj@oijj.org

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