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Sunday 20th of September 2020

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Juvenile Residential Facility Census, 2016: Selected Findings

U.S. Department of Justice


On October 26, 2016, OJJDP conducted the ninth Juvenile Residential Facility Census, a snapshot of the facilities— both publicly and privately operated—that house youth charged with or adjudicated for law violations. OJJDP’s biennial census collects data on how juvenile facilities operate and the services they provide. The census also provides information on facility ownership, security, capacity and crowding, and injuries and deaths of youth in custody. Data from the 2016 census indicate that the number of youth in residential placement continues to decline, a trend that has lasted nearly two decades. In 2016, more youth were held in county, city, or municipally operated facilities on the census date than were held in state operated facilities. Facility crowding affected a relatively small proportion of youth in custody. Most responding facilities routinely evaluated all youth for suicide risk, education needs, substance abuse, and mental health needs. We hope this bulletin will serve as an important resource to inform and support efforts to ensure that the nation’s juvenile residential facilities are safe and that youth in custody receive the necessary treatment and services.


North America - United States

Year Language

2018 English

Category Type

Grey Literature Report


Detention, Justice, Juvenile

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  • International Juvenile Justice Observatory (IJJO). Belgian Public Utility Foundation

    All rights reserved

  • Head Office: Rue Armand Campenhout, nº 72 bte 10. 1050. Brussels. Belgium

    Phone: 00 32 262 988 90. Fax: 00 32 262 988 99. oijj@oijj.org

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