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Thursday 18th of July 2019

IJJO Conference

Sistemas de Justicia Juvenil en Europa: Situación actual, tendencias de modelos aplicables y buenas prácticas

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Book of the Third IJJO International Conference

On the 21st and 22nd October 2008, the International Juvenile Justice Observatory (IJJO) together with the County Council of Justice and Public Administrations of the Generalitat Valenciana (Spain), has the pleasure of organizing the Third IJJO International Conference, which will be titled: "Juvenile Justice Systems in Europe: current situation, trends in applicable models and good practices".

The Third IJJO International Conference (Valencia 2008) will allow carrying out an analysis of the juvenile justice systems, action models and intervention programmes which are applicable in the different Member States of the European Union. The objective is to be able to come to a series of final conclusions regarding the proposal of establishing an approximation framework between the different States on the subject of juvenile justice. The resolutions adopted in this field by organisms like the Council of Europe, the European Economic and Social Committee and the European Parliament will serve as a reference, adding to this the final conclusions of the Second IJJO International Conference "Juvenile Justice in Europe: a framework for the integration" (Brussels 2006).

Knowledge on the different systems will enable us to determine the elements of divergence between the Member States regarding the treatment of minors in conflict with the law, based on political, economic, judicial and social diversity within the European Union. Over the last 15 years, juvenile justice systems in Europe have experienced considerable changes, especially in Eastern European countries. But Western European countries must also be mentioned because of new trends such as the neo-correctionalist and "minimum intervention" models, as well as the implementation of restorative justice mechanisms and the coexistence of welfare and responsibility models.

In this context, within the AGIS Programme, the European Commission has supported a comparative law study which analyses the most important issues regarding the treatment of minor offenders in all Member States, based on the question: are there any possibilities for the harmonization of juvenile justice systems on a European level? This study has been led by the Department of Criminology of the University of Greifswald (Germany) together with the Don Calabria Institute (Italy) and Diagrama Foundation Psychosocial Intervention (Spain) and with the cooperation of the International Juvenile Justice Observatory (Belgium).

The aim of the research is to collect knowledge about the current state of juvenile delinquency in the European Union, the existing juvenile justice systems, the reform processes, the reform proposals, the organisms involved in juvenile justice, treatment methods, educational/internment centres, alternative measures, recidivism and social integration. The main objective of this study is the sharing of ideas on good practices in the field of juvenile justice.

Therefore the aim of the Third International Conference "Juvenile Justice Systems in Europe: current situation, trends in the applicable models and good practices", organised by the International Juvenile Justice Observatory (IJJO) together with Ministry of Justice and Public Administrations of the Generalitat Valenciana (Spain), is for the different professionals and experts in the field of juvenile justice to share experiences and knowledge in order to promote new recommendations at a transnational level to the European Union. These recommendations are aimed at harmonising the applicable juvenile justice systems, the intervention measures developed, and the dissemination of good practices in this field, contributing to the social inclusion of all minors and youngsters on whom our study concentrates.

This International Conference will be developed according to the two following core themes:

I. Comparative analysis of juvenile justice systems in Europe: current situation and trends in applicable models.

II. Good practices and recommendations applicable to juvenile justice systems.

I. Comparative analysis of juvenile justice systems in Europe: current situation and trends in applicable models.

  • Historical evolution and current situation of juvenile justice systems in Europe.
    The evolution of established juvenile justice systems will be studied from a historical perspective and finally an up-to-date analysis on the matter will be carried out, based on different important aspects: the connection between welfare and responsibility models, the age limits for the criminal liability of minors and new profiles of young offenders.
  • Interpretation and application of criminal law for minors in planned proceedings (judicial / administrative).
    We will review latest trends in the agreements adopted by competent judicial / administrative organisms that apply the legislation on juvenile justice. We will study the extent to which informal intervention models with young offenders are being developed. We will also analyse the application of alternative measures and the mediation channels between the minor offender and the victim.
  • The sanctions systems. Types of measures. Formal and informal intervention.
    We will define and expose the informal intervention possibilities as well as the development of the principle of diversity of actions towards the offending behaviour: mediation, conciliation, educational measures within the protection / welfare system, alternative measures to deprivation of liberty. Imprisonment of young offenders: action programmes.
  • Characteristics of the multidisciplinary work. The role of each actor in the different phases of criminal proceedings.
    Based on the principles of cooperation and coordination (networking), the most important current programmes will be exposed concerning the relations between institutions and/or professionals in contact with the young offender: justice/welfare agencies, psychologists, social workers, teachers, lawyers, prosecutors, judges. The definition and analysis of the institutional and professional role will form the main development framework of this work group.

II. Good practices and recommendations applicable to juvenile justice systems.

  • Good practices in the field of socio-community prevention.
    During this workshop we will analyse the development of measures in a social, community and family context. From a preventive approach to juvenile delinquency, we will expose its characteristics and effects on the minor's disruptive behaviour.
  • The juvenile justice transition in Eastern European countries.
    This workshop will allow us to identify the present situation in the juvenile justice systems in Eastern European countries, through the socio-political changes, also setting out possible improvements or innovations that can be introduced into the systems.
  • Direct intervention with minors deprived of their liberty: Good practices and recommendations.
    In this workshop, the main topics will be the fundamental aspects related to the minor's judicial situation, protection of the minor's rights, intervention in the educational centres specifically equipped for young offenders and/or special prison units for young people. The conditions and resources provided to the minors and classification into age groups will also be analysed.
  • Good practices in the socio-professional integration of the young offender.
    During this session, we will set out good practices regarding the minor's socio-professional integration, considering the difficulties to deal with and the need for social commitment in this field, which allows for effective family, social and professional integration; this being the ultimate goal of juvenile justice systems.
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  • International Juvenile Justice Observatory (IJJO). Belgian Public Utility Foundation

    All rights reserved

  • Head Office: Rue Mercelis, nº 50. 1050. Brussels. Belgium

    Phone: 00 32 262 988 90. Fax: 00 32 262 988 99. oijj@oijj.org

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