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Viernes, 19 de Octubre de 2018

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Arizona Had a Busy Legislative Year on Child Welfare, Juvenile Justice

Martes, 05 de Junio de 2018 | América del Norte, Estados Unidos
The Chronicle of Social Change
Noticia

Arizona legislators passed a number of bills related to children and youth that ultimately made it to Gov. Doug Ducey’s (R) desk for a signature. The issues addressed by the legislature included child marriage, the opioid crisis and adoption costs.

Following is a breakdown of some of the new laws.

Crimes Against Children

Under House Bill 2245, individuals who have committed certain types of crimes will not be eligible for bail. The list of crimes includes sexual conduct with, or molestation of, a minor when the victim was under the age of 13, or if the victim was 13 or 14 and the perpetrator was 10 or more years older than the victim.

Another bill, HB 2244, closes a loophole that previously allowed those being accused of crimes against children from using as a defense that their crime did not actually involve a minor because the minor in question was actually an adult posing as a minor. In some instances, such as child sex trafficking investigations, law enforcement may pose as minors.

Marriage of Minors

House Bill 2006 set age 16 as the minimum age for marriage, but only if one of two conditions apply: the minor has been legally emancipated, or a parent consents to the marriage. In either case, the prospective spouse can be no more than three years older than the minor.

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