The 'Alternatives to Custody for Young Offenders: Developing Intensive and Remand Fostering Programmes' project has delivered 24 national reports, as well as a comparative report, in a study coordinated by the IJJO, based on the analysis of each country’s juvenile justice system, restorative justice and fostering alternatives to custody, and produced by different national experts of each country, most of them members of the European Council of Juvenile Justice. You can download both the 24 national reports and the comparative report from this page. Additional project materials can be found here.
Each national report follows the same structure, with a specific focus on:
A. JUVENILE JUSTICE NATIONAL TRENDS
A.1. Legal framework and main characteristics
A.1.1. Specific law or code regarding juvenile justice.
A.1.2. Courts and other special authorities.
A.1.3. Scope of juvenile justice, and age groups.
A.1.4. Specific procedural rules for children and young people.
A.2. Sanctioning system regarding juvenile justice
A.2.1. Overview on the sanctions/reactions to youth offending at the different levels of criminal proceedings.
A.2.2. Diversion mechanisms.
A.2.3. Typology of interventions imposed by the relevant court.
A.2.4. Forms of Deprivation of liberty.
A.2.5. Residential and custodial institutions for juvenile offenders.
A.2.6. Current situation and trends in the sanctioning system.
B. RESTORATIVE APPROACH WITHIN JUVENILE JUSTICE
B.1. Restorative approaches within the juvenile justice system.
B.2. Typology of restorative justice measures.
B.3. Role of restorative measures in the sentencing practice.
B.4. Actors involved in delivering restorative justice measures.
C. FOSTER CARE WITHIN THE JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM
C. 1. Role of foster care in national juvenile justice system.
C. 2. Foster care as an alternative to custody or pre-trial/police detention.
C. 3. Alternatives to custody in practice.
- Bulgary (Partner report - Published on the BAAF website)
- Czech Republic
- Hungary (Partner report - Published on the BAAF website)
- Italy (Partner report - Published on the BAAF website)
- The Netherlands
- UK (Partner report - Published on the BAAF website)